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CASE REPORT
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 80-83

Rhabdomyosarcoma of the maxillary gingiva


1 Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Research Center, School of Dentistry, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abbas Karimi
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Craniomaxillofacial Research Center, School of Dentistry, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.223619

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Rhabdomyosarcoma is a malignant skeletal muscle neoplasm. The tumor is much more common in children, and the most frequent site is head and neck region. Since this tumor is less frequent than other neoplasms in oral cavity, the clinicians sometimes ignore it, working the patients up. Rhabdomyosarcoma is a high-grade malignancy with poor prognosis. Considering the aggressive behavior and various clinical or histopathologic presentations of the tumor, early diagnosis has a significant impact on the treatment outcome and prognosis of the patients. We highlight the importance of combining the clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic examination to obtain a definitive diagnosis in sarcomas of the head and neck region, especially rhabdomyosarcoma. A case of rhabdomyosarcoma of the maxillary gingiva is presented in a 32-year-old woman in which the primary incisional biopsy was erroneously interpreted as an inflammatory process and consequently, the accurate diagnosis postponed for about 10 months.


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