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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 228-230

Prevalent errors in writing keywords of dental articles


1 Health Information Management Research Center and Department of Medical Library and Information Science, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Date of Web Publication4-May-2018

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fatemeh Masoudi
School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.231869

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How to cite this article:
Ghazi-Mirsaeid SJ, Masoudi F. Prevalent errors in writing keywords of dental articles. Dent Res J 2018;15:228-30

How to cite this URL:
Ghazi-Mirsaeid SJ, Masoudi F. Prevalent errors in writing keywords of dental articles. Dent Res J [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Nov 15];15:228-30. Available from: http://www.drjjournal.net/text.asp?2018/15/3/228/231869



Dear Editor,

All of the leading national and international medical journals make emphasis on some standards, in a section provided as a writing guide. This ensures their survival in those valid databases, which make the content of their articles visible. Two general standards are always considered, in this respect. First, applying Vancouver style for a description of bibliographic resources; and second, making use of MeSH for selection of keywords.[1] Emphasis on observing these two standards has been made to the level that, in numerous research performed during the past few years, level of considering these two standards has been considered as a basis for evaluating papers' quality. In the most recent qualitative evaluation of keywords, those keywords provided in the articles of Iranian dental journals, published in English language and indexed in PubMed has been compared with preferred terms in MeSH. Findings of the study showed that about 30% of the keywords have not completely conformed to these terms, due to writing errors observed in them.[2] Therefore, identifying prevalent errors in writing keywords by the authors provides the ground for the increase of presence of those keywords conforming to the preferred MeSH terms; and consequently, quality of keywords will be improved.

For the first step, there is a necessity for the authors to know that the main body of MeSH is formed by descriptors such as:

MeSH Heading or Preferred Term

Those terms selected from among different names implying a single concept; are identified as preferred terms.[3] This is why; the term in Medline database is used as an indexing term.[4]

Entry Term(s)

Those terms which are synonyms, quasi-synonyms, equivalents, close, and related to the accepted or preferred terms in MeSH; are referred to as points of reference used for indexing and retrieving. Consequently, they lead to increase in access points to the accepted terms in MeSH,[5] whereas, review of some prevalent errors in the aforementioned study showed that:

  • Error 1: Some authors select their keywords according to the preferred term (MeSH Heading), but they do not care about their being hyphenated or difference in separation [Table 1]
  • Error 2: Some authors select their keywords according to the preferred term (MeSH Heading), but they do not care about their being in plural or singular form [Table 2]
  • Error 3: Some authors select their keywords according to the preferred term (MeSH Heading), but they do not care about the order of writing them [Table 3]
  • Error 4: Some authors select their keywords according to the synonymous terms (Entry Terms) with the preferred term (MeSH Heading), but they do not care about the importance of selecting the preferred term [Table 4]
  • Error 5: Some authors select their keywords according to the synonymous terms (Entry Terms) with the preferred term (MeSH Heading), but they do not care about their being hyphenated or difference in separation [Table 5]
  • Error 6: Some authors select their keywords according to the synonymous terms (Entry Terms) with the preferred term (MeSH Heading), but they do not care about their being in plural or singular form [Table 6]
  • Error 7: Some authors select their keywords according to the synonymous terms (Entry Terms) with the preferred term (MeSH Heading), but they do not care about the order of writing them [Table 7]
  • Error 8: Some authors select their keywords according to the preferred term (MeSH Heading) or synonymous terms (Entry Terms), but using less or more terms in comparison to them [Table 8].
Table 1: Conforming to MeSH Heading, difference in separation or being hyphenated

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Table 2: Conforming to MeSH Heading, difference in singular or plural form

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Table 3: Conforming to MeSH Heading, difference in order of words

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Table 4: Conforming to Entry Terms

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Table 5: Conforming to Entry Terms, difference in separation or being hyphen

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Table 6: Conforming to entry terms, difference in singular or plural form

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Table 7: Conforming to Entry Terms, difference in order of words

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Table 8: Conforming to a part of MeSH Heading or Entry Terms

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It is essential for authors to pay close attention to the differences between the terms they use and the preferred or synonymous terms. To prevent errors in writing keywords of dental articles, they should be aware that even the smallest difference in selecting keywords leads to another discrepancy in retrieving.

Acknowledgments

This article is derived a thesis (Thesis number: 280/3/K/67) submitted to the graduate faculty, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, in partial fulfillment of the requirements for MSc degree. Hereby thanks are given to all those who helped us in doing this research.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

The authors of this manuscript declare that they have no conflicts of interest, real or perceived, financial or nonfinancial in this article.



 
  References Top

1.
Leite R, Huguenin S. The importance of the health sciences descriptors: DeCS-for the anais brasileiros de dermatologia. An Bras Dermatol 2005;80:458.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Ghazi-Mirsaeid SJ, Masoudi F. A comparative review of the compliance rate of abstracts keywords of Iranian dental latin journals articles and their American peers indexed in PubMed with MeSH 2014. Res Dent Sci 2017;14:63-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health. Bethesda (MD): U.S. National Library of Medicine; 10 October, 1993. Preferred Terms; 20 October, 2008. Available from: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/umls/new_users/online_learning/Meta_004.html. [Last updated on 2016 Jun 29; Last reviewed on 2014 Aug 29; Last updated on 2013 Apr 09; Last accessed on 2016 Jun 30].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Nelson SJ, Douglas Johnston W, Humphreys BL. Relationships in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). In: Bean CA, Green R, editors. Relationships in the Organization of Knowledge. Dordrecht: Springer Science & Business Media; 2001. p. 171-84.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health. Bethesda (MD): U.S. National Library of Medicine; 10 October, 1993. Entry Terms and Other Cross-References; 6 August, 2014. Available from: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/intro_entry.html. [Last updated on 2016 Jun 29; Last accessed on 2016 Jun 29].  Back to cited text no. 5
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4], [Table 5], [Table 6], [Table 7], [Table 8]



 

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