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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 420-429

Biomechanical and radiological assessment of immediate implants for alveolar ridge preservation


1 Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Science, College of Dental Medicine; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
2 Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Science, College of Dental Medicine; Sharjah Institute for Medical Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery College of Dentistry, Anbar University, Ramadi, Iraq
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
5 Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Science, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE
6 Tissue Bank Unit, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ali Al Qabbani
Department of Oral and Craniofacial Health Science, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.245233

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Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the stability of immediate implant placement for alveolar bone augmentation and preservation with bovine bone graft following atraumatic tooth extraction. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective interventional study with convenient sampling (n = 10). Thirty patients aged between 18 and 40 years, who needed noncomplicated tooth extraction of mandibular premolar tooth, were sequentially divided equally into three groups. In Group I, simple extraction was done and the empty extraction socket left to heal conventionally. In Group II, extraction sockets were filled with lyophilized bovine granules only. In Group III, immediate implants were placed into extraction sockets, and the buccal gap was also filled with bovine granules. All groups were subjected to cone beam computed tomography scan for radiological evaluation. Assessment of biomechanical stability (radiofrequency analysis [RFA] was performed at 9 months postoperative for Group III to assess the degree of secondary stability of the implants using Osstell. Repeated measure analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was applied when comparing within each group at three different time intervals, whereas one-way ANOVA was applied followed by post hoc-tukey test when comparing between groups. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Radiological assessment reveals a significant difference of bone resorption in alveolar dimension within Group I; 1.49 mm (P = 0.002), and 0.82 mm (P = 0.005), respectively, between day 0 and 3 months. Comparison between Group I and III showed a highly significant difference of bone resorption in ridge width at 3 months 2.56 mm (P = 0.001) and at 9 months interval 3.2 mm (P < 0.001). High RFA values demonstrating an excellent biomechanical stability were observed in Group III at 9 months postoperatively. Conclusion: The insertion of immediate implants in extraction sockets with bovine bone augmentation of the buccal gap was able to preserve a greater amount of alveolar ridge volume.


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