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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 271-275

The effect of denture adhesive on the efficiency of complete denture in patients with different alveolar ridges

1 Dentist, School of Dentistry, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monireh Nili
Golbarg Blind Alley-Alikhani Alley – Mehr Street, Second Moshtagh, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1735-3327.237243

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Background: Denture adhesives are used to improve retention, stability, and efficiency of complete dentures. Proper use of denture adhesives has benefits for patients. Evaluating the effect of denture adhesives on efficiency of complete dentures in patients with different alveolar ridges was the purpose of this study. Materials and Methods: This cross-over randomized clinical trials study was conducted on 90 patients who were wearing well fitted complete dentures. The patients were categorized into three groups based on clinical and radiographic situations of residual ridges. Group I with mild resorption, group II with moderate resorption, and group III with severe resorption. The patients who had recently received their dentures and the primary complications had been resolved were asked to use denture adhesive according to the instructions. The patients answered two different questioners in 1 week and 2 months of using denture adhesive. The answers were analyzed by means of variance and Chi-squared tests (P < 0.05). Results: Retention, chewing, talking, self-confidence, and efficiency of dentures were improved in all patients. No statistical significant differences in these parameters were observed between the three groups (P > 0.05). Increased retention and adaptation made 64.4% of these patients willing to continue using the adhesive after the study. Forty-three percent of patients reported moderate satisfaction of using this adhesive. Conclusion: Using denture adhesive in well-fitted complete dentures resulted in an improvement in retention, talking, chewing, ease of use, self-confidence, and efficiency of dentures. The use of denture adhesive is, therefore, recommended to patients wearing dentures with some problems.

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